V Subrahmanian, Tuesday, November 1, 2016 11:11 pm

S?tasamhit? Ch?ndogyopani?at – Part 17

Part 17

The deriving of the meaning of the Mah?v?kya is being discussed.

Verse 127

??? ??????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?

??? ? ?? ?????????? ??????????????? ??? ? ????

???? ?iva  ?? alone ????? is ? not ?? ever ?????? any else ??? thus  ?? that ??????? conviction ?????? firm ??? forever ?? that ?? alone ?????????? conclusion ??????????? objections ??? thus ??? other views

The foregoing discussion is on the reiteration of the truth that is the Advaitic Brahman. This reiteration, for example, found in the Ch?ndogya Upani?ad 6th Chapter on the teaching of the ‘Tat tvam asi’ nine times is called ‘abhy?sa’ and is one of the six t?tparya li?ga-s, indicatory marks that help determine the purport of the teaching. From such a reiteration it is concluded that the purport of the ?ruti is the identity of the Non-dual Brahman and the (j?va) ?tman.  ‘?iva’ the Pure Consciousness, alone exists and nothing else. In all the Upani?ads, the final purport is this Infinite Existence that is taught and whatever else that is discussed is only the p?rvapak?a-s, objections, that are raised in order to establish the Non-dual Truth on firm footing.   

Verse 128

????? ?? ???????? ????? ??????????? ?

???????? ????? ????? ??????? ? ????? ? ???

???? this ?? alone ?? indeed ???????? purport of the Veda ? not ???? any other ??????????? Foremost Aspirants! ???????? I grasp ????? axe  ????? heated ?????? truth ?? alone ? no ????? doubt

Verse 129

????? ?? ????????? ????? ??????????? ?

???????????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ? ????

???? this ?? alone ??  verily ????????? true purport ? not ???? any other ??????????? O Supreme aspirants! ???????????? for belief ???? ?iva ?????????? touched ????? three ?? to you ??????? proclaim ???? I

Verse 130

????? ?? ???????? ????? ??????????? ?

?????? ????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ? ????

????  this ?? alone ?? indeed ???????? purport of Veda ? not  ???? any other ??????????? O Supreme Aspirants!! ?????? otherwise ???? if ????? O Gods! ????? for sure ?????? head ?? mine ???? here ???????? will fall

The Knower of Brahman wants to proclaim that he too, just as the Veda teaching the identity of the Brahman-?tman as the Sole Truth, without anything second, in his own right, is an authority for the Truth that is verily his direct experience. So he says: ‘I shall, with no hesitation, grasp the heated axe of Truth and shall come out unscathed as the winner.’ The reference is to the concluding instance, ninth, of the teaching of ‘Tat tvam asi’ occurring in the Ch?ndogya Upani?ad 6.16:

"My dear, they (i.e. the police) bring a man whom they have seized by the hand and say: ‘He has taken something, he has committed a theft.’ When he denies it, they say: ‘Heat the axe for him.’ If he has committed the theft but denies it, then he  makes himself a liar. Being false-minded, he covers himself  with falsehood, grasps the heated axe and is burnt. Then he is killed.  

2.   "But if he did not commit the theft, then he makes himself what he really is. Being true-minded, he covers himself with truth,  grasps the heated axe and is not burnt. He is released.  

3.   "As that truthful man is not burnt so also one who has known  Sat is not born again. Thus in That (Sat) all that exists has its self. That is the True. That is the Self. That thou art, ?vetaketu." 

Verse 131

????? ?? ????????? ????? ??????????? ?

?????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ???????? ? ????

???? this ?? alone ??  verily ????????? true purport ? not ???? any other ??????????? O Supreme Aspirants! ???? here ?? alone ???????? proximate ???? Lord  ???????????? for faith ???????? will do

It is not just that I, Brahm?, that am declaring the Truth thus, but even the Lord ?iva Himself, out of compassion to his devotees, will make his presence felt and will generate faith in you in the words I have uttered. 

Verse 132

??? ???? –

?????????? ?? ????????????? ???????? ??? ?

??????? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ? ????

??? ???? – S?ta said – ???? thus  ??????? having said ?? however ?????? Lord ??????? Brahm? ???????? ??? intent on the universal welfare ??????? bowed ??????? like a stick ???? on ground ??????? with devotion ????? carried away ?????  became    

Verse 133

???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?

???????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????????? ? ????

??????? in that ????? juncture ???????? the Auspicious ?????? benefactor ???????? moon-crested ???????? blue-throated ?????????? uneven-eyed ?????? with the Mother P?rvat? ???????? none other than ????????? ocean of compassion [All epithets of ?iva]

Verses 134-139

????????????????????????????? ???????????? ?

????????? ??????????????? ?????????? ? ????

?????????????????????? by Brahm?, Vi??u, Mahe??, etc.  ??????? meditated ???????????? endowed with gu?a-s ????????? sprang up ???????? omniscient ???? there ?? itself ?????????? in the presence of gods

???? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ?

???? ???? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ????

???? seat ????? impeccable ?????? divine ???????? fit for ?iva ????? golden ???????? wonderful ???? brought ???? there ?????? Lord  ????? sits ???????  on it ???????? comfortably

?????????????????????? ??????????????? ?

?????????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ? ????

??????? Vi??u  ?????????????? the creator of the entire world ?????? ?iva’s ????????? immensely splendrous ???????? known ??????? agenda ????????? greatly pleased ???? there ????????? closely ????? present  

???????????????????? ????

     ??????? ? ??????? ??????? ?

????????????? ???????-

     ??????????????? ????? ????? ? ????

???????????? rain of flowers ????? happened ???? ???? repeatedly ??????? sounded ? too ??????? by sages ??????? ancient ????????????? pure Vedic passages ???????? enchanting ??????????? full of devotion  ??? too ????? worship ????? performed

???????????????????????

     ??????? ? ????????????? ?

???????????????? ???-

     ???????????????? ????????? ? ????

??????????????????????? high, low, soft, intense drums ??????? sounded ? also ?????????  kettle drums etc. ??? also ???????????? experts in cymbal  ??? also ???? others ?????????????? experts in kettle-drum etc. ????????? well sounded

??????????? ?????? ????

     ???????? ??????????????? ?

??????????????? ????????

     ????????????????? ??????? ? ????

????????? by nymphs ??? too ?????? dance ???? performed ?????? singers ? too ?????? along with ???????? superior  ????? sung ????????? extempore composers ? too ???????? praised ??????? arena ??????????? where ?iva appeared ??????? O Br?hma?a-s

The above bunch of verses brings out the idea of Trim?rti-aikya in bold relief. The three m?rti-s, Brahm?, Vi??u and Mahe?a represent the three gu?a-s, rajas, sattva and tamas, that are inevitable for the cosmic functions of creation, sustenance and destruction. In some texts, Upani?ad-s and pur??a-s, the Transcendental Brahman above the three forms is named Rudra and in some others it is Vi??u.  In any case, the three forms are not to be differentiated from each other on any other basis than the three gu?a-s. No one gu?a can individually perform all the three functions and hence the need for all the gu?a-s. There is no superior-inferior distinction across the three gu?a-s.

The other point the above verses bring forth is that when the Transcendental ?iva arrived on that scene, there was all-round expression of joy in the form of dance, songs and hymns.  

The following verses speak of some more ways in which those present there expressed their joy:

Verses 140-143

??????????? ??????? ????

     ????????? ????? ? ???????? ?

?????????????? ???????????????

     ????????? ???? ? ???? ? ????

??????? ??????????????-

     ??????????? ????? ?????? ?

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     ????????????????????? ? ? ????

?????? ? ???????? ???????

     ????? ? ???????????????? ?

???????????????????? ????

     ??????? ? ???????? ???? ? ????

????????????????????????

     ??????? ????????????? ?????? ?

??????? ????? ??? ???????

     ??????? ????????? ???????? ? ????  

Verse 144

??????? ????? ????? ???????

     ????????????????? ??????? ??????? ?

???? ???????? ? ?????????-

     ???????????? ????????? ??????? ? ????

??????? glanced ????? all ????? with P?rvat? ???? ??? ?iva too ?????????????? pleased mind ?? indeed ??????? warding off ??????? all ???? Hari ???????? Brahm? ? and ?????? gods  ??????? completely ?????????? with immense affection ?? indeed ????????? looking at them ???????  O Br?hma?a-s

Verse 145

???? ????? ???????????

     ???????????????????????????? ?

????? ?????? ?????????????

     ???????????? ??? ????? ? ????

???? uttered ????? Truth ??????????? abode of compassion ???????????????????????????? the conclusion drawn from the sole Vedic authority ????? welfare ?????? of the world ????????????? by gods, demons, etc. ?????????? worthy of ardent worship ? too ??? always ????? ?iva

The infinitely compassionate Lord ?iva proclaimed the Truth that is distilled from the only authority on the subject, the Veda, for the ultimate wellbeing of the entire world. Hence this Divine Being, Mahe?a, is worthy of ardent worship by all beings of the world, the gods, the demons and others. There cannot be a greater gift conferred on man than the statement of and the means to this Truth that is everyone’s true nature. Knowing this truth as one’s very nature, there ceases to be the transmigratory existence giving place to the Eternal Existence.

Verse 146

??? ?? ????? ? ? ??????????-

     ??????????????????????? ?

??? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ??????

     ???????????? ? ??????? ? ???

??? I am ?? in deed ????? All ? not ? ever ???????? any ?????? other ??????????? when determined ???????????? undetermined ??? this ?? verily is ?????? of veda ??? supreme ?? indeed  ?????? purport ?? My ???????? Experience ? too ? no ????? doubt ? as well

What was taught elaborately by Brahm? in the foregoing on the basis of the Ch?ndogya Upani?adic statement that ‘All this has the Sat, Existence, for its Self. That alone is the Truth. That is the ?tman; you are That, O ?vetaketu’ is now validated by the Lord ?iva, Brahman, Himself by proclaiming His Self-of-All nature.

(Part 18…coming soon)  


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