V Subrahmanian, Tuesday, August 5, 2014 11:54 am

The kenopaniShat – Part 8

Part 8

Upon hearing Agni’s reply, the Yak?a, the Effulgent One, responded:

Mantra 3.6

????? ???? ??????????????? ??????????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ? ? ?

????? to him (agni) ???? straw ????? placed ???? this ?? burn ??? thus ??? towards it ????????? rushed ???????? with all his ardour ??? but it ? not ???? succeed ?????? in burning ? he ?? ?? from there alone ??????? returned ? ???? not this ???? was able to ????????? comprehend ??? that ???? ?????? ??? who this spirit is

Brahman put a straw before him and said: “Burn this.” He rushed toward it with all his ardour but could not burn it. Then he returned from the Spirit and said to the gods: “I could not find out who this Spirit is.”

When Agni boasted of his stature, Brahman, in the form of the effulgent being, Yak?a, placed a straw in front of Agni and said: ‘Burn this mere straw in front of Me.  In case you are incapable of burning it, then give up your pride of your ability to burn everything everywhere.’  Agni, on hearing the challenge, moved close to the straw, in all speed and enthusiasm.  But, Alas! He could not incinerate it.  Smitten by shame due to his failure to prove his much-bragged fame and strength, Agni, crestfallen, turned away from the Yak?a, and returned to his companions, the other deva-s, only to report to them his misadventure in knowing the identity of the effulgent being.

Mantras 3.7 to 10

 
?? ???????????? ???????????????? ??????????????? ????? ? ? ?

 
?? then ?????? ???????? they addressed V?yu ???? O! V?yu ???? ???????? know this  ???? what ???? this ????? effulgent one ??? is ??? (V?yu replied) Alright ??? thus

 
??????????????????????????? ???????? ?????????????????????????? ?? ????????? ? ? ?

 
??? ?????????? V?yu approached the effulgent one ?? him ???????? said ?? ??? who are you ??? thus ????? ?? ???? ????? ‘I am V?yu’ ??? ???????? thus he replied ????????? I am M?tari?v? ?? indeed ???? ????? am I ??? thus

 
????????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? ? ? ?

 
??????? ????? in you  ??? what ??????? capacity ??? thus ??? also ???  ?????? all this ????? carry off ???  ??? ?????????? ??? whatever is on this earth

 
????? ???? ??????????????????? ??????????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ????????? ?????????????? ? ?? ?

 
????? to him ???? straw  ????? placed ???? this ??????? carry off  ??? thus ??? It ????????? approached ???????? with all speed ??? it ? ???? could not ?????? carry away ? he ?? from there ?? indeed ??????? moved away ? not ???? this ???? could not ????????? identify ??? ???? ?????? ??? who this effulgent being is.

 
7—10 Then they said to V?yu (Air): “O V?yu! Find out who this great Spirit is.” “Yes,” he said and hastened to It. Brahman asked him: “Who are you?” He replied “I am known as V?yu; I am also called M?tari?v?.” Brahman said: “What power is in you, who are so well known?” V?yu replied: “I can carry off all — whatever there is on earth.” Brahman put a straw before him and said: “Carry this.” He rushed toward it with all his ardour but could not move it. Then he returned from the Spirit and said to the gods: “I could not find out who this Spirit is,” 

 
Mantra 3.11

?????????????????????????????????? ??????????????? ????? ????????????????????????? ? ?? ?

 
?? then the gods ???????? ???????? addressed Indra ????? “Maghavan  ???? this ????????  know ???? ???? what this ?????? Yak?a ??? is ??? ‘Alright’ ??? saying so  ??? towards it ?????????? hastened ??????? (the Yak?a) from (Indra) ??????? disappeared.

 
Then the gods said to Indra: “O Maghavan! Find out who this great Spirit is.” “Yes,” he said and hastened to It. But the Spirit disappeared from him.

 
Asked by the gods to go and find out the identity of the Effulgent being, Indra, the Lord (of gods), known as ?aghav? due to his strength, approached the Yak?a.  But the Effulgent One disappeared from Indra’s presence.  Resolving to dispel Indra’s pride born of his cosmic position, the Yak?a did not even offer a dialogue with him.    

 
Mantra 3.12

 
? ??????????????? ????????????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ? ?? ?

 
? He (Indra) ??????? in that ?? very ????? space ????????? a woman ????? approached ??? very ????????? beautiful ???? Um? ??????? the daughter of Himav?n ??? her ? ???? he indeed ???? who ???? this ?????? ????? Yak?a is

 
Then Indra beheld in that very region of the sky a Woman highly adorned. She was Um?, the daughter of the Him?layas. He approached Her and said: “Who is this great Spirit?” 

 
Indra stood steadfast, meditating, in that very place from where the Effulgent one had appeared and subsequently disappeared.  He did not leave the place like the other gods did.  Recognizing Indra’s devotion, perseverance in knowing the identity of the Yak?a, verily vidy?, in the form of Um?, appeared there as a woman.  She was exquisitely beautiful even as Knowledge, vidy?, is the most beautiful of all things lovely, thus justifying the adjective accorded by the Upani?ad.  She was adorned with ornaments made of gold and hence ‘haimavat?’.  Or this word could mean Um?, the daughter of Himav?n, the King of the Himalayas, who is ever in association with the Omniscient Lord Shiva and therefore capable of knowing the Supreme Truth.  Hence Indra approached her and asked “Tell me who this Effulgent One is, who appeared and disappeared.’

 
‘Vidy?’ signifies brahmavidy?, the knowledge of Brahman, in the form of a v?tti, transformation of the mind-apparatus.  It is this transformation that results in the aspirant turning into an enlightened one.  This vidy?, in the feminine form, is depicted as the consort of the Lord, the very embodiment of Knowledge.  Appealing to the vidy? to confer the benefit of beholding, apprehending, the Truth, is the supreme devotion.  Upon experiencing this Truth, through the medium of the vidy?, one never returns to sams?ra, the trammel of transmigrating existence.      

 
Here ends the Third Section of the Kenopani?at.  The Fourth Section starts with Indra becoming enlightened.

 
Mantra 4.1

 
?? ????????? ????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ????????? ????????? ? ? ?   

 
?? she ?????? ??? ‘This is Brahman’  ? ???? replied ???????? ?? indeed Brahman’s ???? ????? this victory ????????? you bask ??? thus ??? ? ?? ????????? thereafter he knew ?????? ??? It is Brahman.

She replied: “It is, indeed, Brahman. Through the victory of Brahman alone have you attained glory.” After that Indra understood that It was Brahman.   

Um? informed Indra that the Yak?a, the Effulgent One, that made an appearance and abruptly disappeared, is indeed Brahman.  It is due to the victory caused by Brahman that Indra and others came to be regarded as victorious.  While such is the truth, you have wrongly appropriated the victory to your own ability as ‘It is indeed our victory,  it is verily our glory.’ Thereafter, from Um?’s words alone, and not independently, did Indra come to know of the truth.    

Since Agni, V?yu and Indra, the deva-s, came close to Brahman by way of perceiving and conversing with (the Yak?a), they excelled other deva-s:

Mantra 4.2

????????? ??? ???? ????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ? ? ?    

??????? therefore ?? indeed ??? these ????? deva-s ???????? ?? as though excelled ??????? other ?????? deva-s ??? ?????? which Agni ????? V?yu ??????? Indra ?? they ?? indeed ???? this ???????? closely ????????? contacted ?? they ?? indeed ???? this ?????? first ????????? knew ?????? ??? as Brahman.

Since they approached very near Brahman and were the first to know that It was Brahman, these devas, namely, Agni, Vayu and Indra, excelled the other gods.   

These gods namely Agni, V?yu and Indra, are as though much above other gods.  This is because owing to their own merit they were able to come very close to the Brahman in the form of Yak?a.  Since these gods came into close contact with Brahman by way of perceiving and conversing with Brahman, being foremost for this reason, they came to know of Brahman. 

Mantra 4.3

????????? ?????????????????????????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ? ? ?

??????? ?? Since ??????? Indra ???????? ?? as though excelled ??????? other ?????? deva-s ? he ?? indeed ???? this ???????? very closely ??????? contacted ? he ??  indeed ???? this ?????? first ????????? knew ?????? ??? as Brahman.

Since Indra approached Brahman nearest and since he was the first to know that It was Brahman, Indra excelled the other gods.  

Since Indra did not give up like the other gods even when the Yak?a disappeared without even conversing with him and persisted and succeeded in knowing its identity, he is the foremost among the deva-s.

Part 1, Part 7, Part 9


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