V Subrahmanian, Saturday, March 7, 2015 12:19 pm

The muNDakopaniShat – Part 15

Part 15

Mantra 3.1.9

???????????? ????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????? ?
?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????????????? ????????? ????? ? ? ?

??? this ???? subtle ????? self ????? by intellect ????????? to be realized ??????? in which ?????? pr??a ?????? fivefold ??????? entered ??????? by senses ?????? the intellect ?????? completely ??? pervaded ???????? of people ??????? in which ???????? pure ?????? shines ?? this ????? Self

That subtle ?tman is to be known by the intellect here in the body where the pr??a has entered fivefold. By the ?tman the intellects of men are pervaded, together with the senses. When the intellect is purified, the ?tman shines forth. 

The ?tman that is taught to be realized as stated in the previous mantra (3.1.8), is to be known by the intellect, which is the instrument, by which knowledge of the Self takes place. For the right knowledge to arise, the means, that is the intellect, must be extremely pure.  Where is the Self to be realized? To this question we get the reply in the mantra thus: In that body where the pr??a is available in its five forms such as pr??a and ap?na.  The pure intellect is the abode where the ?tman is available for recognition.  This is the ‘area’, the mind, where the Self shines forth, and is the location where it is to be realized. What is the kind of intellect that is required for such realization? The reply is: That mind which is pervaded by the senses, just as milk is pervaded by clarified butter and wood is pervaded by fire.  It is well known that all minds are endowed with sentiency. In the matured intellect which is freed from the impurities the Self shines forth happily, in its pure mode, without the admixture of any limitation accompanying. The Self reveals itself especially in this locus, the mind that is thus rendered pure.

The Upani?ads repeatedly instruct that the mind, intellect, is the locus where the Self is to be realized and the instrument to realize the ?tman is also the mind alone and that such a mind ought to be rendered extremely pure and subtle to accomplish this task.  All s?dhanas like karma yoga, devotion, up?sana and  meditation are aimed at purifying the mind of the dross and making it sharp and subtle.  With such a tool when the Vedanta is heard, the process of manana (cogitation) and nididhy?sana (meditation) become a smooth exercise.

Mantra 3.1.10

?? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?
?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ????????????????????? ?????????????????? ? ?? ?

?? ?? whichever ???? world ???? by the mind ???????? envisages  ?????????????? the man of pure mind ?????? desires ???? ? and those ?????? objects ?? ?? that ???? world ???? he attains ???? ? and those ?????? objects ??????? thus ???????? the knower-of-the-Self  ?? indeed ???????? shall worship ???????? the one desirous of prosperity

Whatever world a man of pure understanding envisages in his mind and whatever desires he cherishes, that world he conquers and those desires he obtains. Therefore let everyone who wants prosperity worship the man who knows the Self.   

The Knower of the ?tman attains all that is there in creation since the ?tman that he has realized is the self of the entire creation. This is the fruit of Knowledge, even while the Knower lives.  He passes beyond all wants and establishes himself in the state of total satisfaction, t?pti. He is a man of pure intellect, free of all blemishes. In case, for some or the other reason, he wants to attain, possess, some or the other world or object of desire, either for himself or for the sake of others, he can realize it by mere wish. Since he is a man of unfailing desire, satya sankalpa, those desirous of prosperity may worship the Knower, Jñ?nin.


Here ends the first section of the third Chapter of the Mu??akopani?at




The second section of the third chapter

Mantra 3.2.1

? ??????????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?
?????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??????????????????? ????? ? ? ?

? he ??? knows ???? this ???? supreme ?????? ??? abode of Brahman ???? where ?????? the universe ?????? rests ???? shines ??????? brightly ?????? worship ?????? him ?? those ?? indeed ?????? free of desires ?? they ??????? seed of birth ???? this  ??????????? transcend ????? wise

  1. He, the Knower of the Self, knows that Supreme Abode of Brahman, which shines brightly and in which the universe rests. Those wise men who, free from desires, worship such a person transcend the seed of birth. 

In the previous mantra it was said that the Knower of Brahman is worthy of worship by those who desire prosperity.  Now, here, in this mantra, it is said that the worship, meditation, of the Knower of Brahman, without desire for worldly prosperity, results in the attaining of liberation itself. Brahman is the abode of all desires, being the substratum on which the entire world of objects rests being superimposed. Not needing any external source of illumination, Brahman, the Pure, is self-luminous. However, this luminosity should not be understood as any physical light. The Jñ?nin who realizes Brahman is an extremely rare person, not to be found easily.  Since the knower is non-different from Brahman, the adoration, with due ardor, of the Jñ?nin, is greatly praised.  The devotion practiced for the Jñ?nin fructifies into the devotee-aspirant gaining complete purification paving way for the realization of the ?tman.  In the Bhagavadg?t? (13.7) the Lord has included ‘?c?ryop?sanam’ (worship, adoration, of the ?c?rya, the preceptor) as one of the essential means to Knowledge. Those aspirants who are free of all desires and ardently devoted to the Brahmavid (Knower), just as one would the Supreme Lord, will be blessed with the Knowledge of the ?tman and attain liberation, freed of the transmigratory existence. Such are indeed the wise ones who have the ?c?rya as their object of adoration. The ?veta?vatara upani?ad (6.23) says: ???? ???? ??? ?????????? ???? ??? ???? ? ??????? ?????: ???????: ?????????? ??????: ?  [If these truths have been told to an advanced aspirant who feels the highest devotion for God and for his guru as for God, then they, the truths, will surely shine forth as inner experiences of the aspirant.] Thus the Knower of the Self is to be worshiped.

Mantra 3.2.2

???????? ?????? ???????? ? ???????????? ???? ???? ?
?????????????? ???????????? ???? ????? ???????????? ????? ? ? ?

?????? objects ?? he who ?????? desires ???????? cherishing ? he ?????? with those desires ????? is born ???? ???? in those places ?????????????? the one with satisfaction ????????? the Knower ?? however ?? here ?? itself ????? all ???????????? dissolve ????? desires

  1. He who, cherishing objects, desires them, is born again here or there through his desires, But for him whose desires are satisfied and who is established in the Self, all desires vanish even here on earth.         

Renouncing desires is the seminal means for an aspirant. He who cherishes the objects of the seen and unseen worlds is bound to be born in those worlds that are conducive for his reaping the fruits of his actions directed at realizing his desires. He indulges in actions both righteous and otherwise and by default will have to reap their fruits. Taking birth in the appropriate environment, he will be inextricably bound by the very desires he cherished. On the other hand, he who, by the strength of Self-knowledge transcends the need for cherishing desire for objects attains the summum bonum of life and experiences supreme satisfaction even while living in this body.  Attainment of the Self frees him from the compulsion to entertain desires and work for them.  The entire world is realized to be his very Self, Brahman.  He goes beyond ignorance, avidy?, through the realization of his true ever-satisfied, never-craving, nature by vidy?. All desires and the tendency to act, work, for fulfilling them, comes to an end. With nothing to perpetuate the s?ms?ric life, he becomes liberated and the desires also die with the death of the body, leaving no seed of ignorance to beget him another body.       

Mantra 3.2.3

????????? ???????? ????? ? ????? ? ????? ??????? ?
?????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ? ? ?

? not ???? this ????? Self ???????? study ????? attained ? not ????? intelligence ? not ????? much ??????? learning ??? Him (?tman) ?? alone ??? he (aspirant) ?????? chooses ??? by him ????? attained ???? his ?? this ????? Self ???????? reveals ???? nature ?????? true

  1. This ?tman cannot be attained through study of the Vedas, nor through intelligence, nor through much learning. By him alone who chooses the ?tman, is It attained. It is Atman that reveals to the seeker Its true nature.

Part 1, Part 15, Part 16

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