V Subrahmanian, Monday, March 14, 2016 1:35 pm

The Pra?nopani?at – Part 17

The Pra?nopani?at

Part 17

The mantra 6.6 is  explained in the sequel.

The Puru?a, the Supreme Being, is taught as the one to be realized. An epithet is stated here to identify the Puru?a. Just as the spokes of a chariot-wheel that are as though dependents on the wheel are fixed at the nave of the wheel, so too are the kal?-s, the various constituents that form the body-mind complex and the entities that form the entire life-activity of j?va-s, are established in the Puru?a. The Puru?a is the central Support depending on which these kal?-s even exist.  The Puru?a is the source from which the kal?-s originate, the support on which they exist during their lifetime and resolve into at the time of dissolution. Thus, that Puru?a is the very self of the kal?-s.  Being the cause of the entire creation, the Puru?a is the one that is to be realized for liberation. The knowledge of the Puru?a dispels all ignorance pertaining to oneself, the Supreme and the world, in one go.  It is the endeavor of every Upani?ad to clearly specify that One by knowing whom alone there is an end to the transmigratory existence of every being. This is also expressed as the freedom from death. Every birth is essentially attended by death and he who realizes the Puru?a as non-different from himself will cease to be within the clutches of the cycle of repeated births and deaths.  The compassionate Guru says to his sincere disciples: In case you fail to realize this Puru?a, you will remain miserable. Let that situation never happen to you, where you remain within the clutches of death.

Mantra 6.7

?????????????????????????? ?????? ??? ???? ????????? ? ? ?

????  To them ? indeed  ???? said ?????? till this much ?? alone ???? I ???? this  ??? Supreme ?????? Brahman ??? know ? no ??? beyond ???? the Supreme ????? exists ???  thus

7. Pippal?da said to them: Thus far, indeed, I know the Supreme Brahman; there is nothing higher than this. 

The venerable ?ch?rya Pippal?da addressed his dear disciples: ‘This much alone I have known about the Brahman that is taught to be known in the Upani?ads.  There is nothing higher than this that is to be known.’ The ?ch?rya said this with a view to reassure the disciples that the teaching he has given out so far is not incomplete.  The purpose of a discourse between the teacher and the pupil is to give the teaching without any remainder.  Thus alone will the pupil attain the supreme purpose of life.  The brahmavidy?, verily ?tmavidy?, makes one free of all limitations and makes him feel immensely blessed. Ignorance leaves him completely.  There is nothing else to be accomplished. Sage Pippal?da brought about such an experience of sublime satisfaction in his pupils’ mind that they gave expression to it.

Mantra 6.8

?? ??????????????? ?? ?? ???? ?????????????????? ??? ???? ???????? ? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ? ? ?

?? they ??? him ????????? worshiping ???? Thou ?? indeed ?? our ???? Father ?? who ???????? us ?????????? of ignorance ??? other ???? shore ?????? take across ??? thus  ??? Salutations ?????????? to the Great Sages ??? Salutations ??????????  to the Great Sages 

8. And they, worshipping him, said: Thou, indeed, art our father—thou who hast taken us across our ignorance to the other shore. Adoration to the supreme ??is! Adoration to the supreme ??is! 

Those disciples having received the supreme teaching from the exalted Guru, feeling the greatest satisfaction, not knowing how they can repay the benevolence showered upon them, worshiped the preceptor by offering flowers at his feet and prostrating to him by placing their heads at his holy feet. They also verbally expressed their gratitude saying: ‘You are indeed our Father since you have, by imparting the Supreme Knowledge, given birth to our Brahman-body. What is special with this body? It is eternal, free of fear, old age and death. How do you differ from the biological father? You have indeed ferried us across this massive ocean that is ignorance characterized by erroneous knowledge, filled with the fearful aquatic animals such as old age, death, disease and misery by the raft of Knowledge. Hence it is quite in order to venerate you as our Father. While the biological father gives birth to the mere body and therefore is supremely worthy of reverence in the world, what to say of the Guru who has conferred upon the disciple the realization of the ever-free, never-born Brahman, freeing him from birth altogether!! Salutations to those Great Teachers who have kept the tradition of disseminating this Brahmavidy? alive! The salutation is repeated to indicate the exceeding reverence to the entire community of the Ved?ntic ?ch?ryas.

Here ends the explanation of the Pra?nopani?at, based on the commentary of Sri Shankaracharya.

Obeisance to the Guru!

Part 1


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